When should MNOs shut down their 2G and 3G Networks?
September 24, 2020

Many of my friends asked me why MNOs (Mobile Network Operators) didn’t switch-off legacy network like 2G and 3G till now?  Yes, this is a good question specially day-by-day I am talking about the benefits and the power of 5G. With the smartphone revolution, and the rapid growth in wireless data services, operators worldwide are […]

T‑Mobile Achieves more than 5.6 Gbps with MU‑MIMO
September 13, 2020

T-Mobile and Ericsson teamed up on a 16-layer multi-user multi-input multi-output (MU-MIMO) demonstration, showcasing peak cell throughput of more than 5.6 Gbps! That’s on one channel of the 2.5 GHz spectrum. During the test, engineers connected 8 separate smartphones to the same 5G radio and resources and, thanks to MU-MIMO — a fancy term for […]

Ericsson Mobility Report – Q2 2020
September 8, 2020

Ericsson Mobility Report provides industry-leading projections and analyses of the latest trends in the mobile industry, including subscription, mobile data traffic, and population coverage. Our forecasts are based on past and current data, validated with extensive network measurements. Read the report to learn about the latest figures for 5G, IoT, fixed wireless access, and more. […]

How Beams are Formed in Beamforming?
August 1, 2020

One of the most common questions I face every day What is Beamforming? How Beams are formed?, Actually I read some interesting topics from latest Huawei white paper about 8T8R Antenna Beamforming. let’s see the answer.  What are the Principles of 8T8R Beamforming? Beamforming is a digital signal processing technology that can be implemented on […]

What is the importance of the “Virtualization”?
July 2, 2020

Introduction Simply put, virtualization is an idea whose time has come. The term virtualization broadly describes the separation of a resource or request for a service from the underlying physical delivery of that service. With virtual memory, for example, computer software gains access to more memory than is physically installed, via the background swapping of […]

High-Level ETSI NFV Framework
June 12, 2020

NFV Architectural Framework The architecture that defines traditional network devices is fairly basic because both the hardware and software are customized and tightly integrated. In contrast, NFV allows software developed by the vendors to run on generic shared hardware, creating multiple touch points for management. The NFV architectural framework is developed to ensure that these […]

Everything you need to know about [5G NSA Option 3X]
June 2, 2020

Option 3 Introduction The initial deployments of 5G services are based on 5G NSA, also called option-3. The variants of option-3 are option-3, option-3a and option-3x. Option-3/3a/3x is transparent to MME and P-GW and translates to an E-RAB modification procedure at MME. Option-3: Traffic is split across 4G and 5G at eNodeB. Option-3a: Traffic is […]

May’s Recap: LinkedIn Posts
June 1, 2020

New Lab Demonstration Uses MU-MIMO Technology to Showcase 5G’s Vast Capacity Samsung’s 5G New Radio (NR) Access Unit (AU) supporting 28GHz spectrum. Using two test mobile devices, the demonstration achieved approximately 4.3Gbps speeds on each, reaching an industry peak speed of 8.5Gbps across both devices. In order to achieve the speed, two key technologies were used: carrier aggregation CA and […]

5G Voice over New Radio (VoNR)
May 27, 2020

VoNR is IMS based voice services that use 5G as the access network (as opposed to LTE and VoLTE) Introduction Voice over New Radio (VoNR) is the IP Multimedia System (IMS) based voice calling services that use the 5G network for its source of Internet Protocol (IP) voice processing. The New Radio network communication is […]

April’s Recap: LinkedIn Posts
May 1, 2020

The Latest GSA’s  Report for Q1 2020 As per GSA, the latest report for Q1 2020, 70 commercial 5G networks in 40 countries. What Is CU-DU Function Split? The main reason for CU-DU Split function is the high required front-haul transmission BW in 5G NR that may equal or exceed 160 Gpbs to support the […]

5G Releases 16 and 17 in 3GPP
April 27, 2020

Introduction The 2nd phase of 5G is being finalized in 3GPP, with the Rel-16 version of the specifications being frozen around June 2020. The 3GPP Plenary meetings in December 2019 decided the work program for the set of features to be included in Rel-17, which is scheduled for completion 15 months after Rel-16. Release 16 […]

FCC approves Wi-Fi 6E, So What is Wi-Fi 6E?
April 25, 2020

FCC approves Wi-Fi 6E, allowing unlicensed use of 6 GHz band for Wi-Fi Before going to explain WiFi 6E, First, let’s remember WiFi 6. Wi-Fi 6 and previous generations of Wi-Fi use the 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz radio bands. A “Wi-Fi 6E” device is one that is capable of operating on the 6 GHz […]

March’s Recap: LinkedIn Posts
April 1, 2020

Interesting Figure from OoKla about the Mobile Speeds in Europe – France ranks the First for mobile download speed. – Spain showed the fastest mean upload speeds on mobile at 13.12 Mbps during Q3-Q4 2019. Rakuten Mobile Rocks!  When Rakuten will launch 8th April, it will be with one plan only, UN-LIMIT, priced at 2980 […]

Is there a relation between 5G and COVID-19?
March 19, 2020

Really I am writing this article due to two reasons, First that I received many questions about Is 5G Safe for Human? and Second that I shocked when I saw some of the social media posts on Facebook and Twitter that point out that the main reason for COVID-19 is 5G or using some 5G […]

5G New Radio Release 16 Enhancement
March 10, 2020

Release 16 is designed to be an 18-month project that wraps up at the end of 2019. The three key performance indicators for 5G are faster peak rates (the enhanced mobile broadband, eMBB), more connections per cell (massive machine-type communication, mMTC), and lower latency (ultra-reliable low-latency communications, URLLC). Most of Release 15 focused on the […]

What is the importance of vRAN in 5G?
February 22, 2020

As per the Ericsson Mobility Report, November 2019, by the end of 2025, we expect 5G to have 2.6 billion subscriptions covering up to 65 percent of the world’s population and generating 45 percent of the world’s total mobile data traffic, making it the fastest developing mobile communication technology to have ever been rolled out […]

RAN Virtualization in 5G Network
December 7, 2019

What is Virtualization? Virtualization means decoupling software from hardware, enabling mobile network operators to handle dynamic and challenging use cases, such as enhanced mobile broadband (eMBB), massive connectivity (mIoT), and ultra-reliable and low latency communications (URLLC). It allows you to use a physical machine’s full capacity by distributing its capabilities among many users or environments. […]

EPC Core Upgrade for 5G EN-DC
November 1, 2019

  At first, we need to identify the meaning of word EN–DC, It’s E-UTRAN New Radio Dual Connectivity. Simply it means the possibility of UE to get simultaneous data from LTE eNB and 5G gNB.  In EN-DC, the radio access network is composed of eNBs (eNodeBs) as the master node and gNBs (gNodeBs) as the […]

September’s Recap: LinkedIn Posts
October 1, 2019

Dual Connectivity From the 1st Session of 5G RAN Training: How does Dual Connectivity improve the total BW. Also the limitation of using FDD for LTE and TDD for 5G NR. The Subcarrier Spacing plays an important role in expanding the total BW but it also has a limitation in the case of EN-DC. Did you […]

10 Learned Lessons from 5G Asia!
September 11, 2019

I summarized these #10 5G Learned Lessons from #5G_Asia and RCRWireless report about this big event  1- Operators should focus on replacing their legacy networks to pave the way to all IP networks, with new IT infrastructure rather than telco components.  2- A standalone 5G network requires a much more IT-centric approach to can support different use cases […]

August’s Recap: LinkedIn Posts
September 1, 2019

15 kHz as 5G Baseline Numerology 5G RRC States In 5G and the previous generations, the device can be in different states depending on the traffic activity. NR device can be in one of three RRC states, RRC_IDLE, RRC_ACTIVE, and RRC_INACTIVE. The first two RRC states, RRC_IDLE and RRC_CONNECTED, are similar to the counterparts in […]

What is the Value of VoLTE?
August 16, 2019

VoLTE is the all-IP method that tightly links the voice application to the LTE network to assure the best subscriber experience in terms of performance, reliability, interoperability and global roaming. The Value of VoLTE It integrates voice with 4G LTE to ensure the critical reliability and quality of that voice service. It ensures subscribers continue […]

5G Stand Alone (SA) Beam Management
July 5, 2019

In this article, I will explain the Beamforming technique in 5G to compensate for path loss especially in the mmWave spectrum range. As the range of mmWaves is between 30 GHz and 300 GHz, a wavelength is between 1 millimeter and 10 millimeters and this is the intensive motive for Beamforming. Beamforming Definition The beamforming […]

What Is Voice over New Radio (VoNR)?
June 21, 2019

As the VoLTE adoption cycle, it took the industry a few years to plan, test, and commercialize new voice services, and I believe VoNR will follow a similar timeline. And since 4G is the foundation for 5G NR deployments, I expect VoLTE to remain the 5G voice solution for many years to come. 5G NSA […]

What Is the Difference between Static and Dynamic TDD?
May 24, 2019

Duplexing is one of the most important factors that impact the performance of 5G networks in terms of its wide-area coverage. 5G NR gives support to multiple duplex modes, that includes static TDD, FDD, and flexible duplexing. It is expected that 3.5GHz TDD is the first spectrum for early 5G deployments. Static TDD, the UL/DL […]

Everything You Need To Know about Beamforming
May 10, 2019

In this article, I’ll start with its motivation. Then I’ll answer the question: What is Beamforming? And also discuss its types, especially Hybrid Beamforming. Beamforming Motivation: The 5G main goals are to achieve higher data rates, lower latency network accesses, and support and fix different use cases. With higher data rates, the need for wider […]

My Talk at 5G MENA: Preparing the Network for 5G and AI
April 12, 2019

5G MENA is one of the largest talked-about events in the MENA region that focuses on advancing and commercializing 5G networks. This year it was held in Jumeirah Beach Hotel, Dubai, from 7 to 9 April 2019. It was my first time to attend this event and it was very interesting and informative experience.  This […]

Artificial Intelligence for 5G
March 21, 2019

Introduction The application of 5G wireless communication systems is expected to begin in 2020. With new projections, new technologies, and new network architectures, traffic management for 5G networks will show significant technical challenges. In recent years, AI technologies, especially ML technologies, have shown considerable success in many application domains, suggesting their future potential to solve […]

5G Release 15 All Features
January 25, 2019

At this article, I’ll give you an overview of 5G Release 15 features and the process to get further information for each feature from 3GPP website. 5G is similar to 4G technology in the sense that it is an evolving standard, which is planned for and created by the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) and […]

5G 3GPP NR Frame Structure
January 11, 2019

Introduction The 5G is expected to fulfill the needs and business contexts of 2020 and more. It is expected to enable a fully mobile and connected society, related to the huge growth in connectivity and density/volume of traffic that will be required in the near future to provide and guarantee: Very high throughput (1 Gbps or more), to support […]